Stock Exchanges

66 De Beurs. [Amsterdam]

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Etching and engraving by unknown artist. [Netherlands? early 17th century].
19.2 x 29.8 cmAE n1 x
The Amsterdam exchange, situated on the Amstel River, was designed by Hendrick de Keijser and opened in 1611. Trading was carried on in the open inner court.
67 Borse. [Antwerp]

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Engraving by unknown artist. [n.p., early 17th century].
14.2 x 19.7 cmAE b2 x
The Antwerp exchange was dedicated in 1532 "for the use of tradesmen of all countries and languages, and as an ornament to its city." (Latin inscription.) It was the first financial exchange in Europe, standing until 1858, when it was destroyed by fire.
68 A View of the Royal Exchange London. [second exchange]

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Etching and engraving by Thomas Bowles (b. ca. 1712). [London], Printed for and sold by Robert Sayer, August 20, 1751.
26 x 40 cmAE gb2 xxx
The first Royal Exchange opened in 1567 and was destroyed in the London fire of 1666. The second Royal Exchange opened in 1669 and was again destroyed by fire in 1838. The foundation of the third Royal Exchange was laid in 1842, and the building was opened on Jan. 1, 1845.
69 Vue de la Bourse et du Magazin des Marchandises en remontant la petite Neva. [St. Petersburg]

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Engraving by Pierre Laurent Auvray (b. 1736), after Louis Nicolas de Lespinasse (1734–1808). [France, ca. 1785].
24.8 x 35.5 cmAE r1 xx
Plate from Nicolas Gabriel Leclerc's Histoire physique, morale, civile et politique de la Russie moderne. Paris et Versailles, 1783–85, which Auvray illustrated.
70 Die Hamburger Börse. [the old exchange]

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Engraving by Friedrich Geissler (1778–1853). [Germany?] 1822.
10.8 x 18.8 cm, imageAE g11 x
The earliest exchange in Hamburg opened in 1558, and was greatly enlarged during the years 1577–83, 1669, and the following century. It was destroyed in the great Hamburg fire of 1842. Fortunately, construction of a new exchange building on the Adolphsplatz had already begun in 1839, and was dedicated in 1841. It was enlarged several times during the remainder of the nineteenth century.
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