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Peace Dale Manufacturing Company Collection
Catalog Record
Mss 446 1742-1919
Volumes 3, 79-103, 104-107, 108-130; cartons 1, 6, 27, 29

The Peace Dale Company was a cotton and woolen textile manufacturer established by Rowland Hazard in 1820 and continued by his sons until 1919. The early products were coarse goods, many of them for clothing for slaves on southern plantations, but after the Civil War production centered on finer textiles for shawls and cashmeres.

Factory records include payrolls, time books, wage books and production records of many women workers. The collection also contains almost two centuries of family records of the Hazard and Pease families, including letters, diaries, financial accounts, and bank and estate records. Of particular interest are the estate and bank records of Mary Pease Hazard, who married Rowland Hazard in 1793 and died in 1873. Her son, Rowland G. Hazard (1801-1888) became an active proponent of women's suffrage. His papers, including materials on women's suffrage, are now at the Rhode Island Historical Society.

Records relating to slave labor include the day book of a South Carolina rice plantation, dated 1761-1781 and a cloth book dated 1815-1849 containing slave measurements. The plantation day book first lists the daily expenses of several plantations on the Santee River between 1761 and 1781, including the cost of women slaves and the payment received for their labor as hired hands, and then goes on to list payments for yards of silk woven by Rhode Island women for Thomas R. Hazard in the 1820s.

An 1825 Weavers' Agreement sheds some light on how work was done at the Peace Dale mills. The contract between T. R. & R. G. Hazard, on the one hand, and Mary Sargee and six weavers on the other lays out remuneration and working conditions. The weavers were paid per yard. No more than one-sixth of their wages were to be paid in money. The rest was paid in goods from the [company] store.

Those employed in weaving are to employ their time steadily during the hours for which the factory usually runs & for such time as they loose [sic] at the rate of seventy-five cents per week is to be deducted from the amount of their weaving & for such time as they are out of employ for want of pieces or yarn, TR and RGH are to allow them the same or 75 cts per week.


Wage and time accounting
Day book S. Neyle, Charleston, SC (1761-1781) and Thomas R Hazard, Kingston, RI (1822-1825): volume 3 (a and b)

Time books (1864-1888): volumes 79-99

Wage books, some chits for store credit, all by name (1826-1862): volumes 101-103

Payrolls by job (1860-1891): volume 104-107; Payrolls (1857-1897): carton 6

Production records, includes amounts paid (1860-1870): volumes 108-130

Carding books, work and pay by individual (1818, 1820): carton 1

Company reports and registers; office records
School certificates attesting to school attendance of child workers (1894-1901): volume 100

Production records, includes amounts paid (1860-1870): volumes 108-130

Weavers' agreement (1825): carton 6, folder 2

Family and financial records
Household expenses (1837-1839) and Mary Hazard's bank records (1835-1861): carton 1 (volumes 6 and 12)

Estate accounts of Mary P. Hazard (1844-1875): carton 27, folder 7

Lists of stockholders of the Narragansett Pier Railroad (1875-6, 1917, 1946): carton 29

Other Materials
Plantation day book of S. Neyle, Charleston, South Carolina (1761-1781): volume 3a
Slaves' measurements and clothing orders (1839-1841): volume 123

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