Greenleaf and Hubbard
Business Records 1850-1860

Mss: 761
1850-1860
G814

Historical Note:

James Greenleaf, son of Simon and Hannah (Kingman) Greenleaf, was born June 15, 1814. He attended Dartmouth College. After graduating, Greenleaf moved to New Orleans and in 1851 formed a partnership with Daniel Hubbard who was a commission merchant, specializing in the cotton trade. Greenleaf and Hubbard began their association with John A. Burnham, a Boston-based agent, representing numerous northern textile mills. Greenleaf and Hubbard purchased cotton to meet the needs of mills, negotiated prices and other financial terms, arranged for transportation of cotton from New Orleans to northern ports, and communicated news about the New Orleans' cotton market with mills, manufacturing companies, and their agents.

Greenleaf's northern family ties were strong. He married Mary Longfellow, daughter of Stephen and Zilpha (Wadsworth) Longfellow. While living in New Orleans, the Greenleafs traveled to Cambridge, Massachusetts, during the summer months to be near their relatives. Eventually, they built a house in Cambridge. A staunch Union man, the partnership of Greenleaf and Hubbard dissolved in May 1860 due to tensions preceding the Civil War. At the outbreak of war, Greenleaf's property in New Orleans was seized, but was restored to him at the close of the hostilities. Greenleaf died suddenly on August 22, 1865.

Scope and Content:

The collection consists mainly of freight accounts, invoices, receipts, bills of lading, letterbooks, bills paid, check stubs, letters of introduction, account books, canceled checks and letters received for the partnership of Greenleaf and Hubbard. Majority of material concerns the sale of cotton to textile mills. These include: Salmon Falls Mfg. Co.; Stark Mills; Manchester Print Works; Nashua Mfg. Co.; Amoskeag Mfg. Co.; Wamsutta Mills; Massachusetts Cotton Mills; York Mfg. Co.; Hamilton Woolen Company; Appleton Mfg. Co.; Boott Mills; Chicopee Mfg. Co.; Kennebec Co.; New England Worsted Co.; Saxonville Mills; Lancaster Mills; Lyman Mills; Hill Mfg. Co.; Great Falls Mfg. Co.; Perkins Mills; and Lawrence Mfg. Co. Few personal references are included in this collection; however, the tone of letters sent to John Burnham (included in letterbooks) tend to be more conversational and less formal. Burnham frequently recommended Greenleaf and Hubbard to his clients in the north. Material in cartons 24-26 are bundled and wrapped with original paper labels.

Provenance : Gift of A.W. Soule, 1957

Amount: 19 volumes, 4 boxes, 3 cartons

Container List:
Vol. 1. Freight accounts [?], December1850-May 1856; includes date of purchase, name of planter, number of cotton bales, name of vessel.
Vol. 2. Invoice book, copies of telegrams [?], November 1851-March 1853; includes number of bales of cotton per ship, name of captain, port.
Vol. 3. Receipt book (for bales of cotton), November 1853-December 1855
Vol. 4. Receipt book (for bales of cotton), December 1855-April 1860
Vol. 5. Bills of lading, 1853-1854
Vol. 6. Bills of lading, 1854-1855
Vol. 7. Cotton grading or packing book, 1853
Vol. 8. -- Cotton grading or packing book, 1856
Vol. 9. -- Cotton grading or packing book, 1858
Vol. 10 Letterbook, November 1851 - March 1852; alphabetical index.
Vol. 11. Letterbook, December 1852 - July 1853
Vol. 12. Letterbook, March 1854 - October 1854; alphabetical index
Vol. 13. Letterbook, October 1854 - February 1855; alphabetical index
Vol. 14. Letterbook, November 1855 - August 1856
Vol. 15. Letterbook, April 1857 - March 1858; alphabetical index
Vol. 16. Letterbook, March 1858 - November 1858
Vol. 17. Letterbook, November 1858 - March 1859
Vol. 18. Letterbook, March 1859 - January 1960
Vol. 19. Letterbook, January - May 1860
Box 20 Correspondence:
Folder 1 -- Sundry letters, 1851-1853
Folder 2 -- Sundry letters, 1854
Folder 3 -- Sundry letters, 1855
Folder 4 -- Sundry letters, 1856
Folder 5 -- Sundry letters, 1857-1859
Folder 6 -- Letters received, John Aiken, Salmon Falls Mfg. Co., 1854-1858
Folder 7 -- Letters received, Charles Amory, Manchester Print Works/Stark Mills, 1856-1860
Folder 8 -- Letters received, Charles Amory, Manchester Print Works/Stark Mills, 1851-1855
Folder 9 -- Letters received, James S. Amory, Nashua Mfg. Co., 1852-1859
Folder 10 -- Letters received, William Amory, Amoskeag Mfg. Co./Stark Mills, 1851-1852
Folder 11 -- Letters received, William Amory, Amoskeag Mfg. Co./Stark Mills, 1853-1855
Folder 12 -- Letters received, William Amory, Amoskeag Mfg. Co./Stark Mills, 1856-1857
Folder 13 -- Letters received, William Amory, Amoskeag Mfg. Co./Stark Mills, 1858-1860
Box 21 Correspondence:
Folder 1 -- Letters received, William Appleton & Co., 1854-1858
Folder 2 -- Letters received, E. L. Baker/Joseph Grinnell, Wamsutta Mills, 1851-1855
Folder 3 -- Letters received, Homer Bartlett, Massachusetts Cotton Mills, 1853-1860
Folder 4 -- Letters received, Samuel Batchelder, York Mfg. Co., 1851-1852, 1856-1859
Folder 5 -- Letters received, A. Beer & Co., 1851-1859
Folder 6 -- Letters received, Thomas Bennett, Jr./A. G. Pierce, Wamsutta Mills, 1855-1859
Folder 7 -- Letters received, J. I. Bowditch, American Insurance Co., 1851-1858
Folder 8 -- Letters received, J. R. Brewer, Hamilton Woolen Company, 1852
Folder 9 -- Letters received, Bryant & Sturgis, 1851-1852
Folder 10 -- Letters received, Hamilton Woolen Company/Appleton Mfg. Co., 1851-1854
Folder 11 -- Letters received, Hamilton Woolen Company/Appleton Mfg. Co., 1855-1859
Folder 12 -- Letters received, T. J. Coolidge, Boott Mills, 1858-1860
Folder 13 -- Letters received, Pliny Cutler, York Mfg. Co., 1851-1853
Folder 14 -- Letters received, Dexter & Abbot, 1853-1855
Folder 15 -- Letters received, Edmund Dwight, Chicopee Mfg. Co., 1853
Folder 16 -- Letters received, Fales & Cash, 1855, 1858
Folder 17 -- Letters received, John K. Fuller, Merchants Bank, 1852, 1854, 1858-1859
Folder 18 -- Letters received, Joseph P. Gardner, 1854, 1860
Folder 19 -- Letters received, Gardner Brewer & Co., 1858-1859
Folder 20 -- Letters received, Gardner & Coolidge, 1854-1858
Folder 21 -- Letters received, William Gray, Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1851-1852
Folder 22 -- Letters received, William Gray, Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1853-1854
Folder 23 -- Letters received, William Gray, Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1855-1856
Folder 24 -- Letters received, William Gray, Atlantic Cotton Mills, 1857-1860
Box 22 Correspondence:
Folder 1 -- Letters received, Harris & Hunt, 1856-1860
Folder 2 -- Letters received, M. A. Herrick, Nashua Iron Company, 1858-1859
Folder 3 -- Letters received, E. C. Hutchins, Kennebec Company, 1851-1855
Folder 4 -- Letters received, Isaigi & Goddard, 1853
Folder 5 -- Letters received, New England Worsted Company/Saxonville Mills, 1858-1859
Folder 6 -- Letters received, Lancaster Mills/Clinton Company/Nashua Mfg. Co., 1855-1860
Folder 7 -- Letters received, George. W. Lyman, Lyman Mills, 1853-1854, 1859
Folder 8 -- Letters received, Mason & Lawrence, 1851-1854
Folder 9 -- Letters received, William G. Means, Salmon Falls Mfg. Co., 1858-1860
Folder 10 -- Letters received, J. K. Mills & Co., Cott Mills & Co., 1851-1854
Folder 11 -- Letters received, F. L. Richardson, Hill Mfg. Co., 1854, 1856
Folder 12 -- Letters received, W. Ropes & Co., 1851-1854
Folder 13 -- Letters received, D. N. Spooner, Great Falls Mfg. Co., 1859
Folder 14 -- Letters received, F. H. Story, Perkins Mills, 1853
Folder 15 -- Letters received, Thomas Trout & Son, 1858
Folder 16 -- Letters received, Upham Tucker & Co., 1855-1857
Folder 17 -- Letters received, G. A. Tutwill, 1852-1855, 1858-1859
Folder 18 -- Letters received, Henry Ward, Lawrence Mfg. Co., 1857-1858
Folder 19 -- Letters received, Israel Whitney, 1851-1852
Folder 20 -- Letters received, Israel Whitney, 1853-1854
Folder 21 -- Letters received, Israel Whitney, 1855-1856
Folder 22 -- Letters received, Israel Whitney, 1857-1858
Folder 23 -- Letters received, Israel Whitney, 1859-1860
Box 23 Accounts:
Folder 1 -- Bank account book, Bank of Louisiana, 1852-1853
Folder 2 -- Bank account book, Bank of New Orleans, 1853-1859
Folder 3 -- Bank account book, Citizen's Bank of Louisiana, 1854-1860
Folder 4 -- Bank account book, Louisiana State Bank, 1852-1859
Folder 5 -- Bank account book, Mechanics' & Traders' Bank, 1853-1860
Folder 6 -- Bank account book, New Orleans Canal & Banking Company, 1853-1858
Folder 7 -- Bank account book, Union Bank, 1855-1856
Folder 8 -- Bank account book, Union Bank, 1856-1860
Folder 9 -- Letters/Papers from E. Austin & J.J. Bowditch concerning bagging, 1859
Folder 10 -- Account Sales/Receipt, J. & G. Cromwell, 1854
Folder 11 -- Check stubs, Louisiana State Bank, 1853-1859
Folder 12 -- Check stubs, Bank of Louisiana, 1856-1860
Folder 13 -- Check stubs, Union Bank, 1859-1860
Folder 14 -- Check stubs, Crescent City Bank, 1858-1860
Carton 24 Invoices:
Folder 1 -- Paid Invoices, November 1851
Folder 2 -- Paid Invoices, December 1851
Folder 3 -- Paid Invoices, January 1852
Folder 4 -- Paid Invoices, February 1852
Folder 5 -- Paid Invoices, March 1852
Folder 6 -- Paid Invoices, April 1852
Folder 7 -- Paid Invoices, May 1852
Folder 8 -- Paid Invoices, September 1852
Folder 9 -- Paid Invoices, October 1852
Folder 10 -- Paid Invoices, November 1852
Folder 11 -- Paid Invoices, December 1852
Folder 12 -- Paid Invoices, January 1853
Folder 13 -- Paid Invoices, February 1853
Folder 14 -- Paid Invoices, March 1853
Folder 15 -- Paid Invoices, April 1853
Folder 16 -- Paid Invoices, May 1853
Folder 17 -- Paid Invoices, June 1853
Folder 18 -- Paid Invoices, October 1853
Folder 19 -- Paid Invoices, November 1853
Folder 20 -- Paid Invoices, December 1853
Folder 21 -- Paid Invoices, January 1854
Folder 22 -- Paid Invoices, February 1854
Folder 23 -- Paid Invoices, March 1854
Folder 24 -- Paid Invoices, April 1854
Folder 25 -- Paid Invoices, May 1854
Folder 26 -- Paid Invoices, October 1854
Folder 27 -- Paid Invoices, November 1854
Folder 28 -- Paid Invoices, November 1854
Folder 29 -- Paid Invoices, December 1854
Folder 30 -- Paid Invoices, January 1855
Folder 31 -- Paid Invoices, February 1855
Folder 32 -- Paid Invoices, March 1855
Folder 33 -- Paid Invoices, April 1855
Carton 25 Invoices:
Folder 1 -- Paid Invoices, May 1855
Folder 2 -- Paid Invoices, June 1855
Folder 3 -- Paid Invoices, July 1855
Folder 4 -- Paid Invoices, August 1855
Folder 5 -- Paid Invoices, September 1855
Folder 6 -- Paid Invoices, October 1855
Folder 7 -- Paid Invoices, November 1855
Folder 8 -- Paid Invoices, December 1855
Folder 9 -- Paid Invoices, January 1856
Folder 10 -- Paid Invoices, February 1856
Folder 11 -- Paid Invoices, March 1856
Folder 12 -- Paid Invoices, April 1856
Folder 13 -- Paid Invoices, May-June 1856
Folder 14 -- Paid Invoices, July-August 1856
Folder 15 -- Paid Invoices, September 1856
Folder 16 -- Paid Invoices, October 1856
Folder 17 -- Paid Invoices, November 1856
Folder 18 -- Paid Invoices, December 1856
Folder 19 -- Paid Invoices, January 1857
Folder 20 -- Paid Invoices, February 1857
Folder 21 -- Paid Invoices, April 1857
Folder 22 -- Paid Invoices, May 1857
Folder 23 -- Paid Invoices, June 1857
Folder 24 -- Paid Invoices, July 1857
Folder 25 -- Paid Invoices, November 1857
Folder 26 -- Paid Invoices, December 1857
Folder 27 -- Paid Invoices, January 1858
Folder 28 -- Paid Invoices, February 1858
Folder 29 -- Paid Invoices, March 1858
Folder 30 -- Paid Invoices, April 1858
Folder 31 -- Paid Invoices, May 1858
Folder 32 -- Paid Invoices, June-September 1858
Folder 33 -- Paid Invoices, October 1858
Folder 34 -- Paid Invoices, November 1858
Folder 35 -- Paid Invoices, December 1858
Folder 36 -- Paid Invoices, January 1859
Folder 37 -- Paid Invoices, February 1859
Folder 38 -- Paid Invoices, March-May 1859
Folder 39 -- Paid Invoices, September 1859
Folder 40 -- Paid Invoices, October 1859
Folder 41 -- Bills of Lading, 1852-1853
Carton 26 Accounts, Sales, Bills:
Folder 1 -- Account Sales during 1852-1853
Folder 2 -- Account Sales and Accounts Current to November 1, 1854
Folder 3 -- Bills of Lading, Steamboats, November 1858-November 1859
Folder 4 -- Bills of Lading, November-December 1859
Folder 5 -- Cotton Sales/Bills of Lading/Sundry Papers, 1854-1858
Folder 6 -- Cotton Sales, November 1858-November 1859
Folder 7 -- Cotton Sales, 1859-1860
Folder 8 -- Bills Paid, September 1852
Folder 9 -- Bills Paid, November 1852
Folder 10 -- Bills Paid, December 1852
Folder 11 -- Bills Paid, January 1853
Folder 12 -- Bills Paid, February 1853
Folder 13 -- Bills Paid, March 1853
Folder 14 -- Bills Paid, April 1853
Folder 15 -- Bills Paid, May 1853
Folder 16 -- Bills Paid, June-July 1853
Folder 17 -- Bills Paid, July, October, November 1853
Folder 18 -- Bills Paid, December 1853
Folder 19 -- Bills Paid, January 1854
Folder 20 -- Bills Paid, February 1854
Folder 21 -- Bills Paid, March 1854
Folder 22 -- Bills Paid, April 1854
Folder 23 -- Bills Paid, May 1854
Folder 24 -- Bills Paid, June 1854
Folder 25 -- Bills Paid, July, August, September, October 1854
Folder 26 -- Bills Paid, November, December 1854, January 1855
Folder 27 -- Bills Paid, February-March 1855
Folder 28 -- Bills Paid, April-May 1855
Folder 29 -- Bills Paid, June-November 1855
Folder 30 -- Bills Paid, November 1855
Folder 31 -- Bills Paid, December 1855
Folder 32 -- Bills Paid, January 1856
Folder 33 -- Bills Paid, February 1856
Folder 34 -- Bills Paid, March 1856
Folder 35 -- Bills Paid, April 1856
Folder 36 -- Bills Paid, May 1856
Folder 37 -- Bills Paid, June, July, August 1856
Folder 38 -- Bills Paid, September, October 1856
Folder 39 -- Bills Paid, November 1856
Folder 40 -- Bills Paid, December 1856
Folder 41 -- Bills Paid, January 1857
Folder 42 -- Bills Paid, February 1857
Folder 43 -- Bills Paid, March 1857
Folder 44 -- Bills Paid, April 1857
Folder 45 -- Bills Paid, May 1857
Folder 46 -- Bills Paid, June 1857
Folder 47 -- Bills Paid, July 1857
Folder 48 -- Bills Paid, September 1857
Folder 49 -- Bills Paid, October 1857
Folder 50 -- Bills Paid, November 1857
Folder 51 -- Bills Paid, December 1857
Folder 52 -- Bills Paid, January 1858
Folder 53 -- Bills Paid, February 1858
Folder 54 -- Bills Paid, March 1858
Folder 55 -- Bills Paid, April 1858
Folder 56 -- Bills Paid, May 1858
Folder 57 -- Bills Paid, June-August, October 1858
Folder 58 -- Bills Paid, November 1858
Folder 59 -- Bills Paid, December 1858
Folder 60 -- Bills Paid, January 1859
Folder 61 -- Bills Paid, February 1859
Folder 62 -- Bills Paid, March 1859
Folder 63 -- Bills Paid, April 1859
Folder 64 -- Bills Paid, May-August 1859
Folder 65 -- Bills Paid, September-October 1859
Folder 66 -- Bills Paid, November 1859
Folder 67 -- Bills Paid, December 1859
Folder 68 -- Checks Paid and Returned by Banks to 1859

See Also:

Mrs. James Greenleaf: A commemorative discourse by her pastor. Cambridge: The Powell Press, 1903.