Eastern Railroad Company of Massachusetts
Records, 1839-1840, 1874-1877

Mss: 724

Historical Note:

The Eastern Railroad Company of Massachusetts, chartered April 14, 1836, began construction in August 1837. The construction schedule for the railroad was as follows: East Boston to Salem (13 miles), completed August 27, 1838; Salem to Ipswich (12 miles), completed December 18, 1839; Ipswich to Newburyport (9 miles), completed August 28, 1840; and Newburyport to the New Hampshire line (10 miles), completed November 9, 1840. The Marblehead Branch of Eastern (MA), authorized early in 1839, was ready for business on December 10, 1839.

The Eastern Railroad of New Hampshire was leased to the Eastern Railroad of Massachusetts on February 18, 1840 for a period of ninety-nine years. Eastern (NH), chartered on June 18, 1836, began construction in 1839. Rails were completed and connected with the Massachusetts line on November 9, 1840. Because a separate charter was granted by the Legislature of New Hampshire, Eastern (NH) continued to remain a distinct corporation throughout the life of both railroads.

Scope and Content:

The collection consists of two volumes: Volume 1 contains monthly trial balances from February 1, 1839 through April 30, 1840. Included are amounts paid to and received from individuals and banks during the initial construction of the Eastern Railroad from East Boston to the New Hampshire state line. Volume 2 contains the monthly time and payroll records for all workers (including train crews) located at the Eastern Railroad station and train yard in East Boston from January 1874-May 1877. Included are names of individuals, hours and days worked, wages per month and job title. Examples of workers represented are freight agents, cashiers and their assistants, freight runners, billing clerks, delivery clerks, laborers, passenger agents, receiving clerks, copyists, night clerks, messengers, loading clerks, cleaners, brakemen, watermen, yard masters, switchmen, shifters, flagmen, and conductors.

Provenance :

Vol. 1., gift of Bowdoin College, 1942
Vol. 2., gift of Edith L. Miller, 1970

Amount: 2 volumes

Container List:

Vol. 1. Trial Balances, 1839-1840
Vol. 2. Payroll, 1874-1877