Heard Family Business Records
George Heard, Diary
A diary kept by George Heard on board the "U.S.S.
in the Yellow Sea in 1860,
describing his travel
from Shanghai to Tientsin. Heard accompanied American diplomat John E.
Ward to the Convention of Peking for the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin by the Emperor of
China. The Treaty of Tientsin ended the Second Opium War with provisions that opened more
Chinese ports to foreign trade, allowed Western diplomats in Beijing, permitted Christian
missionary activity, and legalized the import of opium. Heard describes the day-to-day activities
aboard the ship: encountering stormy weather, visits by dignitaries, and stops at treaty ports.
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