Lawrence Joseph Henderson established the Fatigue Laboratory at Harvard Business School in 1927 to discover physiological norms for human biological processes and to study the physiological changes that cause fatigue in workers. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Harvard undergraduate concentrations in biochemistry and in history of science, as well as the doctoral program in the history of science and learning. His papers include memos, correspondence, lecture notes, speeches, reviews, certificates, and financial records, as well as documentation regarding the effects of fatigue on productivity and the need for cross-disciplinary exchange in academia.
George Lombard’s teaching and research interests focused on Human Relations and Organizational Behavior. He taught courses at both Harvard College and Harvard Business School. His office files cover his activities as administrator, researcher, and professor of Industrial Research and Human Relations at Harvard Business School from 1937–1990. Documentation includes correspondence, minutes, research materials, teaching materials, conference papers, articles, and administrative materials.
Elton Mayo became head of the new Department of Industrial Research at Harvard Business School in 1926. His papers contain personal correspondence, articles and speeches, notebooks from his student days at the University of Adelaide, teaching notes and committee records from Harvard Business School, correspondence with Harvard Business School dean Wallace Donham, and materials regarding his interest in sociology, philosophy, anthropology, and psychology. Also included are interviews and reports on industrial relations and efficiency studies conducted at various locations as well as extensive documentation of his involvement in the Hawthorne Studies, including correspondence, interviews, research reports, and statistical analyses.
The papers of Fritz Jules Roethlisberger cover his activities as researcher and professor of Industrial Research and Human Relations at Harvard Business School from 1927 to 1974. Documentation associated with his role as a key member of the Hawthorne Studies includes extensive transcripts of interviews with employees at Western Electric as well as administrative files, speeches, writings, and correspondence with colleagues on the project. His papers also contain documentation regarding his interest in improvements in education and training, the importance of psychology and sociology in personnel management, and the nature of organizational behavior.
This collection includes correspondence, research materials, progress reports, and other documentation associated with the Hawthorne Studies in both paper-based and microform records. The materials contain information on overall organization, methodology, and particular test groups (such as records on job performance and employee attitudes). Documentation on the employee interview program is extensive and includes interview transcripts, summaries, and analyses.
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